The smallest of the 11 municipalities making up the Engadin St. Moritz region lies on an alluvial fan of the Ova d'Es-cha stream at 1,684 metres above sea level. Originally called Madulene and known until 1943 as Madulein, today’s Madulain consciously fosters its Romanic roots; many families still speak the Romansh language.
On a rocky outcrop above the village stand the ruins of the fortress of Guardaval, built by the Bishop of Chur, Volkard von Neuburg, in 1251. Once the fief of the mighty Planta family, the fortress was never inhabited and already abandoned by the 15th century. The views from the ruins over the Engadin are sublime.
Also well worth a visit is the late-Gothic village church of San Bartrumieu, dating from 1510. Although the doors are usually closed, interested visitors can fetch the key from the Tourist Information – which also has a wealth of other information about the smallest unspoilt farming village in the Upper Engadin and its 180 inhabitants.